Siamese Fighting Fish are one of the most recognized, most colorful, and often most controversial and popular fish in the freshwater hobby. It is also known as also known as betta. The name of the genus is derived from ikan bettah, taken from a local dialect of Malay. The Scientific Name of the fish is Betta splendens and it is from the family of Belontiidae.
The male Siamese fighting fish is one of the most popular and well known of aquarium fish because of its brilliant coloration, and long flowing fins. Females are usually not as highly colored as male, and have much shorter fins. In nature, The Siamese fighting fish is not usually brightly colored. However, captive breeding programs have resulted in a wide variety of colors, such as white, yellow, orange, red, pink, blue, green, turquoise, brown and black. Both are male and female bettas have a torpedo-shaped body and an upturned mouth geared for eating at the surface. Mature adults reach a size of 7 cm, with females being slightly smaller than the males and the lifespan can be 2-3 years.
The fish is a carnivorous species of animals and therefore, the diet Siamese fighting fish is meat based. Siamese fighting fish mainly eats insects and brine shrimp and also the larger food particles that are part of the plankton in the water. For the small size of the Siamese fighting fish, bright colors and long, attractive fins, the fish is preyed about by many other animals and even humans who catch the Siamese fighting fish to keep in aquarium at home. The tattoo of Siamese fighting fish is also popular to tattoo maker.
Bettas originate in the shallow waters of
called Siam, hence their
name), Indonesia, Malaysia, Vietnam,
and parts of .
The fish are also are called pla-kad (lit. biting fish) in Thai or trey krem in
Khmer. These areas are the ideal home of Siamese fighting fish, due to the
region has acres of rice paddies, ponds, slow moving streams and swamps. China
And at last about the Siamese fighting fish is “They are incredibly beautiful, easy to care for and can be very active fish”.